Trowse Primary

Trowse Primary

Steps to Improve Writing

Below is a step by step approach to development in writing. It is not related to year groups; it just shows progress. You can use this at home when supporting your child in their writing. Where are they now and can you challenge them with something they cannot do as well yet to 'move them on'.


Step 1
Someone else can read back what I have written
I can write my name
Finger spaces
Full stops
Capital Letters
Connectives such as ‘and’ and ‘but’
Letters formed correctly (start and end in the correct place)

Step 2
My writing makes sense
CVC and high frequency words spelt correctly
Neat well formed letters
Use of connectives (and, but, so, because, then)
Writing for longer
Starting to provide detail (e.g. description and adjectives)
Using some interesting and ambitions words
Make writing interesting
Use capital letters and full stops accurately
Starting to join handwriting

Step 3
Work structured well (e.g. opening, middle and ending; correct letter structure, dialogue structure, difference between formal and informal writing)
Using interesting and varied words
Using a wider range of connectives (e.g. when, because, if, after, while, also, as well)
Sentences are grammatically correct
Accurate use of full stops, capitals and question marks
Experimenting with a wide range of punctuation (commas, inverted commas, exclamation marks, apostrophes)
Accurate, neat, joined handwriting
Using a range of adjectives and adverbs
Majority of words correctly spelt
Development of characters, feelings, settings and emotions
Use of time connectives (afterwards, before, also, after a while, eventually)
Attempting to give opinion, humour and interest through detail
Use of generalising words (sometimes, never, always, often, in addition)

Step 4
Confidently writes a range of styles accurately (e.g. narrative, letter, explanation, discussion, report)
Use of varied, interesting and ambitious language
Organise writing for purpose (e.g. captions, headings, fonts, chapters, letter formats, paragraphs, logically sequenced events)
Can use full stops, question marks and commas, apostrophes and inverted commas accurately
Can write in a clear, neat and legible joined handwriting
Can use more sophisticated connectives (although, however, never the less)
Can use paragraphs
Can spell accurately
Can use nouns, pronouns and tenses accurately
Can use a wide range of adventurous vocabulary
Can use connectives to give emphasis (e.g. if…then… and We….so as to….)

Step 5
Can produce writing that is varied, interesting and thoughtful
Writing is well organised and using the correct convention in layout
Can select from a wide range of ambitious vocabulary
Can use paragraphs consistently and appropriately
Can use pronouns appropriately
Can use different techniques to conclude work (opinion, summary, justification, comment)
Can use complex sentences (correct use of commas and connective devices)
Can use a range of punctuation including exclamation marks, dashes, ellipses to create effect
Can write fluently in a clear, joined script
Can adapt handwriting for a range of tasks and purposes
Can vary sentence length for effect
Can use literacy features to create effect (alliteration, onomatopoeia, figurative language, dialect)
Can use punctuation to show the division between clauses, to indicate, to vary pace, to create atmosphere, to sub-divide

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